Tower design

TYPE: Tower design
YEAR: 2018.3
EXTENT: Exhibit in Milan
LOCATION: Hong kong
CLIENT: Rics international competition
COLLABORATION: Algorithm Optimization 
CATEGORY: Architecture design

Inspirations were caught from the phenomenon how local HK residents use the apartments. 1.“Vertically in use”: most floors of residential buildings in HK are flat but they are used vertically. Upper space is usually used for storage, hanging the clothes and even sleeping; 2. “Divided into smaller units”: Due to shortage of residential space, shared apartments are divided into smaller units which always followed similar relationships functionally.

How a new typology coming to being? From “Vertically in use” to “vertical apartment”: 1. Units analysis (open building): Analyzed the dimensions of activities and furniture size, a most common and smallest module is calculated for HK people in residential building which have the flexibility in replacement of different functional spaces.  2.Space syntax: relationships among different functional space were summarized into space syntax that influence us how to compose the units.  3.Organization: various units were organized vertically so for some parts they don’t need physical divisions. small distance between levels can be used for purpose (structure as devices). 

How we link the typologies? After designed the typologies, they were connected in all possibilities in 3D. As a result, Parthood of three typologies were analyzed which influenced how to organize all the typologies within this architecture. Based on the date of young generation needs (one bedroom, two bedrooms…) and social relationships, one basic composition was chosen from various choices.

Public spaces and intermediary spaces are also an integral part of this design. The basic composition gives the date from the parthood. Several spaces were chosen from each block for public space. After calculated, some of them tend to be on the same horizontal floor, so we decide to design a floating square and rest of them become functional space and balconies for residential use. In this way, we can make sure the accessibility for all of them.


1.      Units analysis (from open building): the smallest unit 
2.      Space syntax: functional relationships
3.      Vertical organized: structure as devices, less partition, efficient sharing
4.      Social relationships (Young talent needs): parthood for typology organization and public space selection
5.      Structure: given the flexibility for variable