Spatial adjacency simulation, Physical model, Responsive design process, Human-machine collaborative workflow, Real-time visualization.
The space layout of a reasonable modular building prototype is a time-consuming and complex process. Many studies have achieved the optimisation of automatic spatial layouts based on spatial adjacency simulation. Although machine-produced plans satisfy the adjacency and area constraints, people still need further manual modifications to meet other spatially complex design requirements. Motivated by this, we are trying to provide a human-machine collaborative design workflow that simulates the spatial adjacency relationship based on physical models. Compared with previous works, our workflow enhances the automated space layout process by allowing designers to use environment anchors making decisions in automatic layout iterations. A case study is proposed to demonstrate that the solution generated by workflow can initially complete different customised design tasks. The workflow combines the advantages of the designer’s decision-making experience in manual modelling with the machine’s ability in rapid automated layout. In the future, it has the potential to be developed into a designer-machine collaboration tool in completing complex building design tasks.
Fig. 1. Framework of Human-machine Collaborative Workflow
Fig. 7. Illustration of Designer Adjustment Interface
Fig. 10. Quick 3D Spatial Prototype Layout Result