An Architect-Machine Collaborative Assembly Building Layout Workflow based on Spatial Adjacency Simulation and Architect’s Decision
Spatial adjacency simulation, Physical model, Architect-machine collaborative workflow, Real-time visualization, Architect’s preferences, Assembly building layout
Many automated space layout (ASL) studies attempt to take advantage of the machine to complete time-consuming assembly building layouts by taking spatial adjacency as an optimization objective. Although the layout generated by machines can satisfy adjacency needs and topological relationships, the architect still needs further a lot of manual modifications to obtain a customized layout. Many ASL methods focus on optimizing fixed optimization objectives, they hardly use the architect’s decisions as dynamic optimization parameters to constantly approximate the architect’s preferences. Motivated by this, we provide an architect-machine collaborative design (AMCD) workflow that combines the strength of the architect’s visual recognition and reasoning ability with the strengths of machines to enhance the ASL process. AMCD optimizes the adjacency relationship in real-time and simultaneously takes the architect’s design decision as dynamic optimization parameters to jointly calculate the design layout that satisfies the adjacency relationship and meets the architect’s preference. Architects can dominate the layout results with experience and visualization of adjacency performance by manually modeling and modifying machine errors during iterations. A case study demonstrates that our workflow can initially complete different customized design tasks. The AMCD workflow demonstrates the potential to enhance architects’ decisions and optimize layouts in contrast to fully architect-designed and fully automated machine-designed layouts. In the future, our framework has the potential to provide labeled datasets to train machine learning models for completing complex building design tasks forming an ArchitectMachine Collaborative tool.
Fig. 6 Diagram of 3D Spatial Adjacency Visualization
Fig. 5 Illustration of Architect Adjustment Interface with Visualized Adjacency Performance
Fig. 10 EAS and the Corresponding Spatial Layout Results
Fig. 12 Architect Design, Machine Design and Architect-Machine Collaborative Design Layout Result